Flavonoids: What Are They + 7 Surprising Benefits

Flavonoids are naturally-occurring phytonutrients in plant pigments. These bioactive compounds are found in various vegetables, fruits, spices, and nuts, and they provide a wealth of health benefits when consumed.

Stock your fridge with vibrantly colored fruits and vegetables such as beets, carrots, lemons, and raspberries. These vibrant foods are rich with flavonoids and nutrients.

Why are flavonoids a key ingredient to living well?

1. Flavonoids protect against free radicals.

The antioxidant properties of flavonoids help to ward off the harmful effects of free radicals, which have been linked to the development of various chronic diseases.

2. Flavonoids help to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.

In addition to its antioxidant capabilities, flavonoids have anti-inflammatory characteristics that are effective in lowering cholesterol levels, decreasing the risk of ischemic heart disease, and preventing blood clots.

3. Flavonoids have been shown to decrease the risk of neurodegenerative disease.

A flavonoid-rich diet has been linked to a lessened risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s.

4. Flavonoids can help improve vascular function for those with diabetes.

Flavonoids are found in herbs and spices, including garlic, rosemary, and oregano. Studies have shown that the consumption of flavonoids has been effective at improving the function of the vascular system in those with type-2 diabetes.

5. Flavonoids may aid in cancer prevention.

There are limited studies performed on human subjects, but animal studies link flavonoids with inhibiting the development of cancerous cells in the colon and liver. Research also points to flavonoids preventing gastric and pancreatic cancers among a variety of other types.

6. Flavonoids can improve bone health.

Flavonoids may be linked to improved bone formation and limited bone resorption. This not only strengthens the bones but also helps to prevent the development of conditions such as osteoporosis.

7. Flavonoids may help to manage weight.

While there is not significant regarding the connection of flavonoids to weight management, a study from The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that women with higher flavonoid consumption exhibited lower levels of body fat than those without a flavonoid-rich diet.

Due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties alone, flavonoids are important factors of a healthy lifestyle. Make sure to incorporate foods that are rich in flavonoids into your diet to gain some of these healthy benefits!

At Well Theory, we combine natural medicine with western medicine in our powerful, pain-fighting products. Our line of surgeon-formulated sprays, supplements, and creams fit easily into your day to help you live pain-free. Try our products for yourself today!

Do You Really Know What’s In your Hemp Oil?

Cannabidiol, or Hemp oil has become a popular natural treatment for various conditions ranging from physical pain to emotional distress. It is a supplement that can easily be incorporated by adding a few drops into your food and drink or simply taking a few drops on its own to begin feeling its effects. It may also exist as a sublingual or capsule application.

Before you jump on the Hemp bandwagon, make sure you know just what is in your Hemp oil and why you may want to add it into your day.

What Is Hemp Oil?

What is Hemp, anyway? Hemp, or cannabidiol, is extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant, or the hemp plant. This phytochemical compound is then diluted with a carrier oil so that it may be ingested or applied directly on the skin.

Hemp, though derived from the Cannabis sativa plant, is not a psychoactive substance because it only has small to nonexistent amounts of THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol. Instead, it provides users with a natural alternative to chemical forms of pain relief and emotional balance.

What Does It Do?

Hemp oil is proven to be effective in relieving physical pain and inflammation. Whether used topically as a spray or cream or ingested in liquid or capsule form, Hemp works to interact with the bodies innate endocannabinoid receptors to treat chronic pain, reduce muscle spasms and limit nerve-based pain.

In addition to alleviating physical pain, Hemp oil may also reduce symptoms of anxiety and/or depression. By regulating the brain’s serotonin output through the endocannabinoid system, Hemp can provide a calming effect that has been shown to naturally regulate one’s mood and even promote rest. The endocannabinoid system promotes balance and homeostasis.

What Should You Know When Buying Hemp Oil?

How can you safely buy Hemp oil and ensure that you are getting the highest quality product for your needs?

First and foremost, pay attention to the THC content of your oil. Look for oils that contain 0.3% THC or less.

Next, pay attention to the list of ingredients in your Hemp product. It is always best to look for all-natural oils and to research any ingredients on the list that you don’t recognize.

Labels are confusing. Too often, the total content of Hemp is presented on the front of the bottle, rather than the amount per serving. Also, sometimes the amount of hemp oil is presented as the amount of Hemp. In reality, unless you are buying a very pure extract (and that should be on the label) then the Hemp is a percentage of the hemp. Be careful, and do your math!

Finally, look for products from brands that you trust. Companies that use natural ingredients and that have tested their products in 3rd party laboratories will often have the purest quality Hemp without harmful contaminants or excess THC content.

Doing your research beforehand can help you to find the best product for your needs and save you from buying faulty products.

Hemp oil can be a fantastic solution to your musculoskeletal pain and emotional distress. For the highest and purest quality of Hemp products possible, choose Well Theory.

How Long Does It Take For Hemp Oil To Be Effective?

Hemp oil has become a popular supplement due to its effectiveness at alleviating pain and for its mood-boosting capabilities. With a variety of forms to choose from, how do you know the right type and dosage for you to find the fastest results?

Follow these pointers when searching for the right Hemp for you.

What Forms of Hemp Can You Take?

There are many ways that cannabidiol can be consumed. With a long list of products on the market, how can you know what will truly be effective to relieve your pain?

The form of Hemp that you choose depends on the condition you are looking to treat. Topical Hemp, which includes balms, creams, sprays, and patches, are absorbed through the dermal layers of the skin and are best for targeting muscle pain and soreness or joint inflammation. For headaches or anxiety treatment, Hemp may be consumed orally through oil and capsule supplements.

Hemp vapes have also become a popular method for the consumption of Hemp, but this can be harsh on the lungs.

Make sure to consult with your personal physician if you have any questions about the right forms of Hemp for you. The form, dosage, and other factors are important with regard to condition support and a physician is a good source of general medical knowledge.

How Long Does Hemp Take To Be Effective?

For the treatment of pain such as headaches and muscle soreness, simply apply a Hemp cream to the affected area or take the specified oral dose of Hemp oil. This should take no longer than thirty minutes to an hour to take effect and provide you with relief. The amount and type of relief will be variable, of course.

The speed of effectiveness for Hemp can vary from person to person, and it can be affected by both the form of Hemp that you take as well as the quality of the product. Your weight, metabolic rate, and body composition also dictate how quickly and easily Hemp is broken down within the body.

How Can You Boost the Effectiveness of Your Hemp?

Short answer – everyone’s experience with Hemp is different due to their specific body chemistry. Here are a few tips that you can follow to increase the speed and effectiveness of your Hemp oil:

1. Follow the dosage instructions on the product label.

There are instructions on the bottle of your Hemp oil for a reason! Take the full amount of Hemp oil indicated. This builds up the amount of Hemp in your system. Missing a daily dose or taking less than the specified amount can lower the product’s efficiency.

2. Listen to your body.

Since everyone’s body responds differently to Hemp, you may consider spacing out your Hemp intake throughout your day. For example, if your daily dose is one dropper full once a day, experiment with taking half a dropper twice a day. Although to date we know of no adverse effects of this phytochemical, if you have any sort of bad reaction please stop taking the plant supplement.

3. Look for high-quality products with medical backing.

There are many brands and forms of Hemp on the market, but it can be hard to find effective products that you can trust. Do your research beforehand to help you cut out the guesswork.

At Well Theory, we are dedicated to providing you with the highest quality and most effective forms of Hemp to fit into your daily schedule. From patches to supplements to oil and more, we have a product to meet your needs at any point in your day.

Natural Alternatives To Relieve Your Arthritic Joint Pain

Natural Alternatives To Relieve Your Arthritic Joint Pain

Natural Alternatives To Relieve

your arthritic joint pain

Inflammatory arthritis is a subset of conditions characterized by recurring pain, swelling, and feverish heat in the joints. Those suffering from inflammatory arthritis tend to feel most of their pain in the joints, and experience joint stiffness in the morning – that typically lasts more than one hour.

Joint pain can be caused by osteoarthritis - a time-related form of arthritis - or an inflammatory arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis (RA.) Inflammatory arthritis is a type of autoimmunity. Normally, the immune system serves to protect us from outside invaders, like viruses and bacteria.

In RA the immune system doesn’t work properly and “attacks” the joints and other ‘self’ tissues; the immune system is not focused on the outside invaders. This results in swelling, cartilage damage, bone damage, and more.

This pain can be caused by several factors:

  • Synovitis. This is an inflammation of the membrane that lines your joint capsule.  All joints are enclosed in a capsule; this is like a water balloon around the joint that allows for lubrication and motion.  When it gets inflamed, the synovial lining of the capsule releases chemicals that irritate nearby nerves to cause pain and increases fluid in the affected joints to cause stiffness. 

  • Increased fluid in the joints. Fluid builds in the joint from the inflamed synovium, causing pressure, stiffness and pain. Enough fluid can actually stretch the capsule and surrounding tissues of a joint and this stretch is painful.  As well, too much fluid will seep through fissures in the cartilage and damage the underlying bone by forming cysts and pothole like structures; this too is painful. 

  • Brittle bones. Arthritis can damage your bones. Too much damage can affect the joints and cause “grinding” and pain during use, increasing swelling and stiffness of the joints.  Osteophytes or spurs often form with arthritis; this is the body’s attempt to further stabilize a damaged joint. However, the spurs too often cause pain in and of themselves.

  • Ligament damage. Ligaments support the joint. As inflammation spreads, The effects of inflammation can damage these bands of flexible tissue that support the joint.  Ligaments become thick and less pliable, this reduces the ability of a joint to function normally. Motion and load are necessary for the normal function of a joint.  If a ligament is preventing normal use, further deterioration results.

  • Muscle weakness. Reduced muscle strength, which occurs as you time passes in our society, puts more stress on joints.  Muscles normally act as shock absorbers and protectors of joints. As most Americans are sedentary and have limited use of muscle, the muscles are not very strong and painful joints can result.  As well, hormonal changes often cause weak muscles; this contributes to pain as time passes.

Natural Ways To

reduce joint pain

Don’t lose it, use it. Keep your joints active by incorporating gentle stretches that move your joints through their full range of motion. Take up a gentle yoga practice, swim, or try lifting small weights at home with the guidance of your physician.  Avoiding use of a limb or joint is very damaging. Disuse itself causes deterioration and weakening of bone, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Unless it is mandatory, one should not avoid activity.

Remain mindful. Maintaining good posture is important for joint health. Your physical therapist can assess your posture and help you with an exercise routine dedicated to improving it wherever necessary.  Posture is hugely important to overall bone and muscle health. Poor posture is one of the leading causes of pain in this country. This is something that you can self-treat; it is something that can empower you to improve pain, stiffness and poor function.


Certain lifestyle changes can also relieve pain. Eating a diet that is low in inflammatory foods and/or high in anti-inflammatory foods is helpful in reducing overall human inflammation, which will reduce pain in your joints. Cutting out processed foods and introducing more whole foods, such as whole wheat bread, fresh fruit and veggies, and more, will be beneficial in reducing the pain you feel every day.

Share on facebook
Share on twitter

Manage weight. It is not the weight that matters, but rather the amount of adipose that is producing inflammation.  We now know that excess adipose causes not just hormonal imbalances but also chronic inflammation. Reducing the amount of tissue that produces pro-inflammatory molecules will improve your quality of life as you navigate managing your symptoms. Starting simple, sustainable habits – 20 minutes of walking a day, dietary changes, and more – result in gradual weight loss that sticks.

Alternatives to


Try supplements and other natural remedies. Fish oil is commonly recommended by physicians as Omega-3s block out cytokines and prostaglandins – inflammatory molecules – and are also converted into powerful anti-inflammatory chemicals called resolvins.  Fatty acids are also the basic building blocks of the endocannabinoid system. Vitamin D3 is also a great choice. Vitamin D helps your bones absorb calcium more efficiently, which is vital to promoting bone health and regrowth. It’s also crucial for muscle movement, communication between nerves, and fighting inflammation – which can assist you in other lifestyle changes.

In recent years, CBD has become well-known for its anti-inflammatory properties. It helps the body restore balance in your body’s regulatory system - the endocannabinoid system - by binding to its receptors. CBD is simply a plant-based source of material to improve your innate endocannabinoid system.

You can read more about other ways to manage your symptoms by downloading our free Arthritis Guide.

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

  • 100% NATURAL

MCT Coconut Oil VS Olive Oil

Hi, Dr. Meredith Warner here –


I am a board-certified and fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeon who is passionate about helping you live well mentally, physically, and emotionally.

Recently, I have been using more MCT oil in the kitchen. I have been intrigued by the potential health benefits of the medium chain triglycerides. I have long loved olive oils and use them most of the time, but was curious to see how they compared to MCT coconut oil. 

Medium chain triglycerides (MCT) are medium length chains of fats. There also exist long chain fats and short chain fats. Long chain fats are saturated fats and remain solid at room temperature.   

50% of fat in coconut oil is medium chain. Usually, coconut oil remains solid at room temperature, so the other half of coconut oil is comprised of long-chain fats. MCT coconut oil is liquid at room temperature, and is separated from these long-chain fats for its beneficial uses.   


Health Benefits of MCT 

MCT is thought to increase the amounts of leptin and peptide YY. These proteins naturally promote a feeling of fullness and help you feel satiated – which means that you may consume less calories throughout your day. MCTs have also been found to have about 10% fewer calories than long chain fats.   

MCTs have many potential benefits for optimizing your daily health:  

MCTs can convert to ketones in the body. This makes them ideal for a ketogenic diet, since they help individuals maintain ketosis. Ketones can be used by the brain for energy and because of this, MCTs have been shown to help reduce symptoms for those with Alzheimer’s. One study also showed some benefit of MCTs for those with autism also on a gluten-free diet. In addition, MCTs support the correct gut biome; this too helps to maintain overall health and promote wellness. 

MCTs have been shown in studies to increase production of HDL (good) cholesterol and decrease production of LDL (bad) cholesterol. MCT was also able to reduce the amount of inflammatory proteins (CRP) in serum. The medium chains fats in MCTs bypass the bile duct system and are ideal for those with issues in the biliary system. However, over time too many MCTs will cause a fatty liver, as they are high in calories.  


How MCTs Compare To Olive Oil 

Olive oil is a natural substance extracted from olives. MCTs are natural in a way – they are partitioned from coconut oil using scientific techniques. 

The beauty of olive oil is that it is primarily a monounsaturated fat; it is oleic acid. This is just about ¾ of the total content of the oil. Oleic acid is naturally anti-inflammatory and has been found to alter epigenetics (or gene formations) associated with cancer – which means that oleic acid may prevent cancer. Olive oil is also an anti-oxidant and can scavenge free radicals.   

Olive oil is a great choice for those struggling with the symptoms of aging:

Olive oil prevents and treats constipation. This is one of the unspoken problems with aging. A teaspoon of olive oil a day has been shown to be an effective treatment for this issue.  

Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids are to be the main source of fat in an anti-aging diet. Since olive oil contains monosaturated fats, it is a beneficial part of a healthy, anti-aging diet.  


Should You Choose Olive Oil or MCT Coconut Oil?

There is nothing inherently wrong with fat; and plant-based fats are found to be especially beneficial. Olive oil is more protective from heart disease than a low-fat diet. Healthy fats support nerves and the brain and are actually important and essential parts of a balanced diet. 
I would advise that, while they are not inherently dangerous, you avoid consuming many fats that stay solid at room temperature.  Imagine what that is doing in your smaller arteries.    

We incorporate MCT coconut oil into our pain-fighting Hemp oil tincture. It is easily digestible and can be taken easily with just a few drops under your tongue or in your morning coffee. Choose Well Theory for resources on full body betterment and products to bolster your wellness so that you can live to your fullest potential.

5 Natural Tips To Help Reduce Arthritis Pain

5 Natural Tips To Help Reduce Arthritis Pain

Why You need a daily multivitamin

designed for bones and joints

Arthritis is a painful condition in the joints that causes inflammation, stiffness and most of all pain.  As we age, these conditions become worse due to wear and tear on our joints, and managing the pain and related symptoms can become even more of a challenge.

For those who are dealing with arthritis related pain, managing the pain can be a major concern.  Fortunately, there are several factors that we can directly control that can help reduce inflammation and pain overall.  While these tips won’t eliminate your arthritis, they can help you to better manage the pain you feel on a daily basis.


to reduce arthritis pain

Remember those days when you’d play catch and wind up with a sore shoulder? Your mother likely told you to “throw some ice on it.”  When pain strikes, one of the first things many people do is grab the heating pad.

Hot and cold therapy helps reduce arthritis pain and while it’s a very temporary solution, it does actually work!  

Simply taking a warm bath and applying a heating bad while watching TV can help to ease stiffness in your joints, while an ice pack can help to relieve joint pain after a long day.  When you’re looking to loosen up in the morning look to heat, but when you need a quick bit of pain relief, grab an ice pack and give yourself a break

Get Active and

start exercising

Just about any major life problem can be solved in one way or another through exercise.  It helps you control your weight, gives you more energy and overall just improves your quality of life.

While intense sprinting exercises or body building may be out of the question, low impact type exercises like swimming and walking allow you to move freely and to move your joints with little resistance.  

Looking for something a bit more involved? Try out yoga! Dr. Meredith Warner always recommends yoga to her patients.

take control of

your diet

Our diets have a much bigger impact on our quality of life than most of us realize or care to admit.  The foods we eat provide our bodies with the energy we need, and the vitamins and minerals we need to thrive.  

Avoid fast food, foods with high sodium content and inflammatory foods to help reduce arthritis symptoms.  Also, including the right fatty acids in your diet can not only help with pain relief but are known to have similar effects as NSAIDs.

Foods That Cause Inflammation:
try to avoid or limit these foods as much as possible:

  • Refined carbohydrates, such as white bread and pastries
  • French fries and other fried foods
  • Soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages
  • Red Meat (burgers, steaks) and processed meat (hot dogs, sausage)
  • Margarine, shortening, and lard

Anti-Inflammatory Foods:
An anti-inflammatory diet should include these foods:

  • Tomatoes
  • Olive Oil
  • Green Leafy Vegetables, such as spinach, kale, and collards
  • Nuts like almonds and walnuts
  • Fatty Fish like salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines
  • Fruits such as strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and oranges

be mindful of

your weight

This tip takes into account exercise and diet, as they both play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy weight.  As the numbers on the scale begin to rise, the amount of stress that is placed on our joints increases as well.  

With arthritis already causing significant joint pain, keeping your weight under control can help reduce the chance of worsening this pain.

Keep it simple. You don’t have to run a marathon every day to be healthy. Simple, daily choices to move more by walking a little further in a parking lot or stretching before bed will pay big dividends over time.

Other Natural Antioxidants

for support with pain relief

One natural herb that is gaining a lot of attention in the public and scientific forums, is hemp-derived Hemp, Cannabidiol. 

It has none of the psychoactive properties found in THC.

There is growing evidence to support the use of hemp Hemp oil for its high antioxidant contents and its ability to interact with the system of cell receptors in your body, called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which spreads throughout connective tissues and even into your organs.  



Arthritis Pain with Hemp Oil
Share on facebook
Share on twitter

Many people have found success over the long term by introducing a hemp-derived Hemp product into their wellness routine.

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

  • 100% NATURAL
CBD for Pain Relief

How To Naturally Reduce Joint Swelling And Pain

How To Naturally Reduce Joint Swelling And Pain

CBD for Pain Relief

How to Naturally reduce

joint swelling and pain

Joints are an essential component of a healthy musculoskeletal system. They connect the bones and allow movement; they support weight and maintain balance. They are found in virtually every part of your body – in your spine, shoulders, arms, knees, feet, and more. We often take our joints for granted, until pain and inflammation strikes.

Joints are complex structures that are surrounded and cushioned by a joint capsule and other tissues. When the joints are irritated, excess fluid builds in and around them, resulting in pain, stiffness, and irregular function. The affected joint may be visibly swollen, red, or feel warm to the touch.

While joint swelling can be caused by both an injury, time-related and/or chronic conditions, we will be focusing on arthritis-related swelling and how you can naturally reduce inflammation.  Arthritis is simply the time and chronic inflammation related destruction of joints (cartilage).

How Arthritis Causes

joint swelling

Arthritis is not a single disease but a way of classifying joint pain or joint disease.  The word arthritis is from a latin derivation of the words for ‘joint’ and ‘inflamed’. There are over 100 different types of arthritis, and while it is more common in older adults, it affects the young and old alike depending on the nature of the condition. It is currently the leading cause of disability in America. 

Three of the most common forms of arthritis that result in joint swelling are:

  • Osteoarthritis – Time-related arthritis; this is caused by the deterioration of cartilage between the joints over time. It is the most common form of arthritis. Cartilage damage occurs from exposure to chronic inflammation from diet and environment.  As the cartilage is damage, inflammation occurs. Inflammation is the body’s attempt to heal the cartilage. Most people lack the ability to heal cartilage and the deterioration progresses. Over a long period of time, this inflammation and deterioration can cause harmful side effects.  The side effects range from pain and stiffness to swelling and functional impairments. 

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis – This is an autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation in the joints. The body’s immune system attacks the membranes within your joints, causing a build-up of fluid and visibly swelling the affected joint.  Pro-inflammatory proteins and molecules are released into the joint and directly damage cartilage. This causes a lot of pain within the cartilage, tendons, and ligaments of your joints. 

  • Gout – An increase of uric acid in your bloodstream results in the deposit of uric acid crystals in joints – which leads to pain and swelling. Uric acid is something your body creates from certain foods, and typically is processed into a form that may be dissolved in your blood before exiting your body through urination. When this process is interrupted, it can form into painful, needle-like crystals in your joints.  These crystals cause mechanical damage and also induce inflammation.

Natural Ways To Reduce

symptoms of arthritis

Use Hot And Cold Therapy – Hot compresses and warm showers can ease stiffness in the joints. Heat promotes increased blood flow; this can help stimulate a healing process.  Cold compresses reduce pain and inflammation in the joints. Using both methods will help you increase your range of motion and reduce pain. Alternating cold and warm therapies is a time-honored method to treat arthritis.

Incorporate More Healing Foods In Your Diet –  Turmeric contains a chemical called curcumin that may help to reduce arthritis pain by reducing inflammation throughout the body. The right fatty acids, particularly fish oil supplements, are high in omega-3s – which have been shown to reduce joint stiffness and pain.  Blueberries have an abundant amount of flavonoids and ancathyocins that are known to help with arthritis.

Share on facebook
Share on twitter

Consider herbal supplements – There are a wide variety of herbal supplements on the market that reduce joint pain and swelling. Some include ginkgo, boswellia, and more. It is important to run new supplements by your physician to make sure they will not interact negatively with any medications or underlying conditions you have.  Make sure that the physician understands herbs and herbal medicine of course. 

Try incorporating CBD – CBD has proven anti-inflammatory benefits. It interacts directly with the body’s regulatory system – the endocannabinoid system – to lessen heightened levels of inflammation. It can be taken in a multivitamin, oil or topical cream. It is important to choose a trustworthy source for your CBD, especially if you take it as a multivitamin – read our Surgeon’s Guide for more information on how to choose the right CBD multivitamin for you.

For more information on how to naturally manage Arthritis pain, download our free Arthritis Guide today!

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

  • 100% NATURAL