A Guide To the Immune System

A Guide To the Immune System

Health & Immunity:

The importance of the immune system

The immune system is the body’s internal protection system against bacteria, parasites, and illness as well as toxins, environmental stressors and damaged cells.  

With the current increased need for protection against viruses, let’s learn more about the function of the immune system, the cells and tissues involved, and how to better fight off disease.

What Is the Immune System?

There is an innate and an adaptive immune system. The immune system is made up of and supported by leukocytes, or white blood cells. There are a variety of leukocytes, including granulocytes (neutrophils), lymphocytes, monocytes and macrophages. 

These cells travel throughout the bloodstream and lymphatic vessels, seeking out pathogens or foreign entities in the body in order to eliminate any threat to the system. These immune cells are stored primarily in the thymus gland, lymph nodes, the spleen, skin, bloodstream, mucosal tissue, and bone barrow.

 White blood cells fall into two categories: phagocytes, and lymphocytes.

Phagocytes or granulocytes are specialized cells that absorb and break down pathogens and bacteria. Neutrophils, monocytes, mast cells, and macrophages work to perform phagocytosis, remove dead cells, aid in wound healing, and protect the immune system from danger.

The granulocytes are the primary cell of the innate immune system. This is the first line of defense often. Pathogens have certain proteins or molecules that are recognized as dangerous and the neutrophils will engulf them and then destroy them with toxic chemicals.  

The second type of leukocytes is called a lymphocyte, these are found in bone marrow. These cells act as scribes, keeping a record of previously eliminated pathogens in order to recognize them in future attacks. 

T lymphocytes within the thymus either trigger an immune response or take direct action to break down cells that have been compromised, while B lymphocytes in bone marrow produce antibodies in defense against diseases. 

This system requires the ability to present the pathogen on the cell surface, to recognize that pathogen, to clone the immune cell and then to attack cells with that signal from the pathogen. It is very complicated and involves a significant amount of cellular communication.

What Affects Immune Health?

Generally, our immunity becomes stronger as we age because our system is exposed to many pathogens and must learn how to protect against them. Children’s systems are less developed, making them more susceptible to illness. 

Exposure to pathogens effectively trains the immune system. Our society today is likely too ‘clean’ to prepare an immune system for all of the potential pathogens out there.  

Immune disorders can also occur, leaving the immune system weakened against viruses and disease. Immunodeficiencies are often caused by unhealthy lifestyle choices such as malnutrition, or alcoholism, though age can also be a factor. 

Autoimmunity occurs when the body mistakes healthy cells for foreign ones, breaking down necessary and functional protectors within the system.

Lastly, hypersensitivity is a disorder that sprouts from an over-functioning immune system in which the immune response is so strong that it can actually damage the body. All immune disorders have complex sources and many can be treated.

 

Immunity can be broken down into 4 categories:

  • Innate immunity is the initial system that recognizes threats. This involves white cells that engulf the pathogen and then destroy it. This is a blunt instrument but very effective. However, some pathogens have evolved to avoid destruction by innate immunity. The white cells are able to recognize ‘self’ cells and avoid destroying them usually.

    Most pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites, toxic chemicals, etc) produce proteins that are recognized as non-self or dangerous; these are antigens. The complement system is involved in innate immunity as well. Innate immunity also involves the basic barriers that protect us from the environment to include skin, the gastrointestinal lining, cilia, and body hair.  
  • Adaptive immunity refers to the way our system can evolve over time with exposure to antigens to better support the immune system, specifically through the development of antibodies that fight off particular diseases. This also involves T cells that recognize antigens (presented pathogens) and produce clones to attack that pathogen. This is called ‘acquired immunity’ as well.

     

  • Passive immunity is a short-lived defense from pathogens. This is not naturally occurring in the body but is rather obtained from another source, such as the antibodies transferred via the placenta to the fetus in order to protect against infection.

     

  • Immunizations are used to strengthen the immune system by means of purposefully introducing a pathogen into the system. The pathogen is a weakened form, allowing the immune system to develop antibodies to protect the system from future viral attacks.

Diet, lifestyle, and the natural makeup of your body can affect the strength of your immune system. Keeping your system functioning optimally is vital to your health, wellbeing, and survival.

Protect Your Immune System

with Well Theory

With our Well Theory Immunity Boost Multi, you can find natural immune support without harsh side effects.

This multi is designed to deliver clinical doses of vitamins D3, C, and a powerful antioxidant boost with 500mg of quercetin. This multi contains higher doses than most available immunity supplements, with herbal ingredients conveniently added to the formulation for unmatched wellness support.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE

4 Immunity-Boosting Ingredients

4 Immunity-Boosting Ingredients

4 Power Ingredients

for your immune system

The immune system functions as protection for the body against viruses and bacteria by differentiating between the naturally occurring cells in the body and unnatural, potentially harmful cells. 

We are constantly under attack by the environment and the innate and adaptive immune systems are present inside of us to provide a constant defense.

To keep your immune system strong and functioning optimally, incorporate these four powerful ingredients into your daily regimen.

1. Zinc

Zinc has naturally occurring antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and is effective at reducing respiratory infections and promoting wound healing. 

It has also been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, high cholesterol levels, and other conditions. In addition, zinc boosts cell function for healthy development.

Zinc balance is mandatory for the proper function of the innate and adaptive immune systems. 

It is vital to hundreds of enzymes, it is a cofactor for many processes involved in T and B cell function and it is involved in communication between immune cells and transcription of genes as needed for immunity. Zinc also helps to protect normal cells during elevated inflammatory conditions.

Those with zinc deficiencies are at heightened risk of pathogens and illness. This is caused by a negative effect on the immune cells, such as those cells that perform the process of phagocytosis in which the cell engulfs and absorbs what it perceives to be a foreign entity. 

Supplement your zinc intake with daily multivitamins and zinc-rich foods, including red meat, beans, nuts, poultry, and whole grains.

2. Vitamin D

Vitamin D, like zinc, protects the body against foreign organisms that may bring with them illness and infection. This vitamin is synthesized within the body and promotes a strengthened immune response to fight off these substances. This is especially important for those with autoimmune diseases. 

Vitamin D is actually a hormone and is heavily involved in many systems of the body and in the interconnectivity of the systems.

As well as enhancing the immune system, vitamin D helps to strengthen bones through the promotion of calcium homeostasis. Supplement with vitamin D to protect against flu, respiratory infection, and immunity imbalance. 

3. Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an important micronutrient and antioxidant that helps to support cellular function and kill dangerous microbes that enter the body. In particular, vitamin C aids in bolstering the cell barrier to ward off pathogens and viruses. 

Vitamin C protects immune cells from damage by scavenging free radicals that are produced during the inflammatory phase of healing and protection.  

 

Vitamin C enhances B and T cell function and enhances overall antibody levels.  It also modulates cytokine production. Cytokines are the messengers of the immune system. Vitamin C also optimizes the function of neutrophils for the attack and removal of pathogens. 

 

Vitamin C can help to manage blood pressure, lower inflammation, and prevent chronic disease while also boosting the immune system. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient and cannot be synthesized by human beings. 

Incorporate more vitamin C into your diet easily by consuming citrus fruits, bell peppers, kale, and daily multivitamins.

4. CBD

Full-spectrum hemp powder has strong anti-inflammatory properties which help to strengthen the body’s immune responses and protect against autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and fibromyalgia. 

CBD promotes a healthy endocannabinoid system and is also effective in relieving pain. The phytochemicals found in hemp have receptors on the white blood and can directly support the function of the immune system.

Immunity-Boosting Multivitamin

from Well Theory

At Well Theory, we make it easy to strengthen your immune system. Our surgeon-formulated multivitamin complex boosts your immunity by conveniently combining all of these powerful ingredients into one daily multivitamin. 

Strengthen your immune system, relieve pain and inflammation, and promote healthy cell and healing functions to keep your body safe from illness and infection.

At Well Theory, our products are carefully curated by orthopedic surgeon Dr. Meredith Warner for your wellness. 

These supplements – along with our full line of Well Theory products – not only help to protect your immune system but also promote healthy, natural stress management, inflammation reduction, and homeostasis regulation that you may be lacking in your daily diet.

 Choose Well Theory today for a life lived well!

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE

Why You Need To Take A Multivitamin During Flu Season

Why You Need To Take A Multivitamin During Flu Season

As flu season approaches, you might start wondering how to prepare yourself for it. One method is to have your yearly flu shot of course, but there are a few other key ways you can improve your immune health.

Today, we’re going to talk about how certain vitamins and herbal supplements can help improve your immune system and get you ready for flu season!

Why You Should Take A Daily Multivitamin

Most of us aren’t getting the vitamins we need from our diets. With modern, fast-paced lifestyles, many of us end up in fast food drive-through’s more often than we’d like to admit. 

When you skip out on fresh, whole foods for fast, easy, but highly-processed options, you’re missing a lot of the vitamin intake that keeps your body healthy and ready to fight off invaders.

Not getting enough vitamins can also affect the absorption of other vitamins. For example, you could be getting the right amount of magnesium – but if you aren’t also getting the right amount of vitamin D, your body can’t absorb magnesium properly. Calcium and Vitamin D3 have a similar dependency.

Magnesium plays many crucial roles in the body, like supporting nerve and muscle function. It also supports energy production. Chronically low levels of magnesium can increase your risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and osteoporosis. And that’s just one essential nutrient out of many that your body needs to function properly.

This is why it’s always a good idea to take vitamins and supplements, even when it’s not flu season. But here are a few supplements that can bolster your immunity as well:

Vitamins That Help Boost Immunity

Your cells break down nutrients from the diet to help the body function at peak capacity, and one of the most important bodily functions is your immune response. 

Your immune system not only wards off illness, it also plays a crucial role in regulating inflammation, promoting healing, and much more. The immune system is in charge of cleaning up all debris and problem cells produced during life.

With an environment that induces inflammation and oxidative stress continually and at high levels, the immune system is especially important for human health even without pathogens. 

When pathogens are introduced, as during flu season, the system is very much over-taxed and stops working well for us.

Many studies have proven the importance of a variety of vitamins, minerals and supplements with regard to the human immune system. 

For example, this study stated: “Key dietary components such as vitamins C, D, E, zinc, selenium and the omega 3 fatty acids have well-established immunomodulatory effects, with benefits in infectious disease.” 

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Vitamin C is well-known as a micronutrient that helps support immunity. It supports epithelial barrier function against pathogens - which helps keep infection out of the body. It also has antioxidant capabilities. Vitamin C is integral to the effective function of the first line of defense - the innate immune system. It is also important to regulate the overall levels of inflammation and to reduce production of ‘cytokine storms’.

Vitamin D (cholecalciferol)

There are Vitamin D receptors and enzymes on the surfaces of all white blood cells, which play a key role in finding and eliminating infectious agents. Low levels of vitamin D have been linked to increased rates of infection and respiratory illness. In addition, low vitamin D levels have been associated with autoimmune diseases, such as MS, diabetes, IBS, rheumatoid arthritis, and even Parkinson’s. D3 is certainly important for the health and well-being of the skeletal system, but it is also critical for the proper function and maintenance of the immune system.

Zinc Gluconate

Zinc is crucial for the development and function of the specialized cells within your immune system. It’s crucial for the development of neutrophils and NK cells. Macrophages, which are involved in the detection and destruction of bacteria and other harmful organisms, are also impacted by zinc deficiencies. Wound healing is supported by zinc and it is a co-factor in the function of 100 or more enzymes in our cellular processes.

Need An Extra Boost? Choose Quercetin

Quercetin is a plant-based antioxidant that helps improve immunity through its “anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antioxidant” properties. 

Its antioxidant properties are especially beneficial for immune health. This means that it helps scavenge and neutralize free radicals. Free radicals are produced within your body as it breaks down things like oxygen and nutrients for its use. 

Free radicals are like car exhaust; they are a normal byproduct when cells make and use energy. However, like exhaust, this byproduct (free radicals) is not really good for you in excess.

Free radicals are a normal part of life – but when they overwhelm your body’s natural antioxidants, which help neutralize free radicals, oxidative stress occurs. Oxidative stress has been linked to accelerated aging, chronic diseases like certain cancers and heart disease, and heightened inflammation levels.

Remember when we said that your immune system doesn’t just protect you from illness? It also plays a role in your inflammatory response as well. 

Some inflammation is normal, but too much can lead to a host of health conditions. But beyond that, if your immune response is overloaded with chronic inflammation throughout the body then it can’t effectively respond to and eliminate viruses and bacteria along with other pathogens or toxins. So reducing inflammation with antioxidant supplements, like quercetin, is a great way to improve the efficacy of your immune system.

In addition to taking a multivitamin, you should also take care to get enough sleep, exercise, and try to find ways to reduce stress. As always, we recommend a healthy diet (like the Mediterranean lifestyle plan) and having fun with friends and family as well.

FIRST MONTH
Anti-inflammatory support + wound recovery support
THIRD MONTH
Joint function and muscle support, calcium assists in bone health
SIXTH MONTH
Helps your body with vibrancy in aging, overall health + wellness, vitality
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

3 Daily Habits To Boost Your Immune Health

3 Daily Habits To Boost Your Immune Health

As the seasons change, our immune systems let us know. Our immune systems can especially take a hit during spring, as we venture outside more often and come into contact with pollutants and particulate matter, especially if we live in cities or are allergic to pollen.

In addition, the time change we have when we “spring forward” can interrupt our regular sleep cycles, which impacts our overall health – including our immune health.

Here are 3 daily habits you can use to naturally boost your defenses against illness!

Improve Your Healthy Lifestyle

Your immune system is a system, and before you begin forming new habits, you should treat it as such. 

There are many things researchers still don’t know about the immune response, but so far the research indicates that like most bodily processes, it’s interconnected with all parts of your health and lifestyle.

Diet, exercise, age, stress, and other factors have been shown to impact immune response. So improving key areas of your health should help bolster your immunity. Here are some ways you can improve your lifestyle:

  • Get the right amount of sleep every day. Your body works to reduce toxins throughout your body and brain as you rest, so getting the right amount of sleep is essential for better immune health.
  • Don’t smoke. Smoking puts stress on your lungs and impacts your cardiovascular system as well. There is an incredible amount of toxins in cigarette smoke: this greatly adds to your chronic inflammation and oxidative stress levels.
  • Take extra steps to avoid infection, like washing your hands frequently and trying to not touch your face.
  • Exercise regularly. This helps improve your cardiovascular health, floods you with good endorphins, and relieves stress. Exercise has been shown in many studies to improve immune function as well.
  • Take steps to relieve psychological stress. Exercising will help relieve some of your stress, but try to work self-care into your daily routines, like meditation, yoga, or reading before bed.

Improve Your Diet

Healthy immune systems need healthy, balanced, and vitamin-rich diets. Research has shown that those who are consistently malnourished, are more vulnerable to infectious diseases. 

Malnourishment hides itself well; many cases are simply people with very low levels of certain vitamins and minerals – but they do not appear malnourished at all. The elderly are known for this sort of malnourishment too.

There is some evidence in animal studies that certain vitamin deficiencies, like zinc, iron, folic acid, vitamins c, e, and D3, and more – can alter the immune response. Human studies looking at infection rates in elderly populations after supplementation with vitamin C have shown great success with just this one simple change. 

Thankfully, it’s possible to get your necessary and essential vitamins, nutrients and minerals from a well-rounded diet. But if you don’t like eating vegetables often or find it is impossible to eat the recommended 7-8 servings a day, you can fill gaps in your diet with a well-rounded daily multivitamin and appropriate additional supplementation.

Supplement Where Necessary

Ideally, you should be getting all the nutrients your immune system needs to function from your diet. Your body absorbs vitamins better when they’re part of a balanced meal. But there is no harm in appropriately supplementing for an additional boost – especially during seasons where you might more easily get sick.

Our Tart Cherry Extract is naturally packed with antioxidants. Antioxidants help fight off harmful free radicals, which can impact every cell in your body – including those involved in your immune response. It also naturally contains melatonin to help promote healing, restful sleep.

Our Herbal Immunity Defense Multi is developed with clean and potent ingredients clinically proven to boost immunity. Elderberry, Echinacea, Quercetin, Schisandra, and more all work together to give your body its best shot at fighting off invaders. These ingredients work to boost your defenses against oxidative stress, decrease harmful inflammation throughout your body, boost energy levels, and more. 

 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE

[VIDEO] How Free Radicals Can Damage Your Immune System

[VIDEO] How Free Radicals Can Damage Your Immune System

Oxidative stress can negatively impact your immune system – leaving you vulnerable to illness.

Our Herbal Immunity Defense is packed with powerful ingredients that support immune health, like echinacea, elderberry, quercetin, & more. These ingredients are also powerfully antioxidant, so your immune system is supported in several key ways.

IT’S EASY TO GET STUCK IN OLD WAYS OF LIVING. IT’S TIME TO MAKE ROOM FOR THE NEW WAYS OF HEALING.

Natural Immunity Boost

The ingredients in Dr. Warner’s Herbal Immunity Defense are hand-picked to be taken with one of our Daily Multivitamins (with CBD or PEA) or alone to bolster your immune system and fight off invaders. Developed with clean and potent ingredients your body will have its best shot at fighting off invaders.

Essential Multivitamin For Oxidative Health

Your body naturally produces its own antioxidants, but when you aren’t getting the right nutrition, it struggles to keep up.

This Essential Multivitamin was surgeon-formulated to fill the most common dietary gaps, and also contains PEA (palmitoylethanolamide) to help reduce pain and inflammation throughout the body.

10 Immunity-Boosting Foods

10 Immunity-Boosting Foods

10 Foods

that boost your immune system

The immune system is the body’s defense against pathogens. Your immune system is what empowers you to function and perform with health and wellness. 

Does your immunity need an extra kick? Try incorporating some of these ingredients into your daily meals to help fight off viruses and infection!

1. Almonds

Almonds are rich in vitamin E, an antioxidant that helps to fight free radicals in the body and reduce inflammation. This keeps the immune response strong and steady. Almonds are also dense with healthy fats that leave you full and satisfied.

2. Sunflower Seeds

Like almonds, sunflower seeds are also high in vitamin E, as well as vitamin B6 and magnesium. Dry roasted sunflower seeds are a delicious addition to salads or eaten on their own.

3. Turmeric

This spice is known for its immunity-boosting and anti-inflammatory properties. Consuming turmeric in your meals or in golden milk teas can help alleviate symptoms of inflammatory conditions including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

4. Green Tea

Green tea is antioxidant and flavonoid-rich. Green tea aids in lowering cholesterol, fighting heart disease, and improving immune function. Black tea and white tea are also great choices for boosting immunity.

5. Ginger

Ginger is known for its antioxidant qualities that protect against free radicals, arthritis, and viral infections. Ginger is also a great pain reliever and is anti-inflammatory. Eat fresh, grate into muffins, or steep in hot water to make a spicy, refreshing tea infused with all of this root’s healthy benefits.

6. Citrus

Citrus fruits may be one of the most well-known and researched for ingredients that are immunity boosting. Grapefruit, lemons, limes, and oranges are high in vitamin C which increases white blood cell production. Vitamin C also provides protection of your immune cells as they fight infections. Enjoy fresh-squeezed juice or peeled segments to get a healthy dose of vitamin C into your day.

7. Bell Peppers

Red bell peppers are fantastic sources of vitamin C which provide antioxidants and heightened immune response. Chop these fresh and add into salads, or slice and enjoy as a delicious, crunchy chip replacement with salsa or hummus.

8. Garlic

Garlic is a powerhouse when it comes to strengthening the immune system and lowering cholesterol levels. This ingredient is anti-fungal, antiviral, and helps to lower inflammation and protect against a variety of diseases and infections, including colds, heart disease, and the flu.

9. Oysters

If you can get past the texture of a raw oyster, they make a delicious meal that can also help to strengthen your immune system. Oysters are rich in zinc which gives a boost to white blood cell function, as well as vitamin C.

10. Elderberries

Elderberries have been used as medicine for centuries for their antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties. Eat these berries – or enjoy an elderberry syrup supplement – to fight colds, flu, and infections!

For delicious recipes that support a healthy lifestyle, make sure to visit The Herbal Kitchen and try one of our nutritious meals.

Boost Your Immune System

with ease

Well Theory makes strengthening your immune system simple with our new Herbal Immunity Multivitamin. 

This complex is formulated with powerful antioxidants to boost and support immunity in one easily digestible daily capsule.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation