Ankle Arthritis Treatment Options

Ankle Arthritis Treatment Options

Ankle Realignment Osteotomy

an alternative to ankle fusion surgery

Ankle arthritis is common and as debilitating as knee arthritis or hip arthritis. Ankle arthritis, unlike knee or hip arthritis, is usually post-traumatic. While almost all arthritis of the knee and hip is age-related and genetic in nature, up to 80% of ankle arthritis is post-traumatic. Usually, the patient had a fracture or very significant ligamentous injuries at some point. It may take 20 to 30 years for such arthritis to become problematic in the ankle.

Ankle arthritis does not automatically mean that a fusion is necessary as the treatment. Although for many years fusion surgery was the so-called ‘gold standard’ for the treatment of painful arthritis, this is no longer true. There are a variety of treatment options that should be discussed at your clinic visit. However, unless your surgeon is current and is performing cutting-edge surgeries, he or she may not think outside of fusion for the treatment of ankle arthritis.

If a patient presents with arthritis and a deformity whereby the ankle turns either in or out too much, a realignment osteotomy is a good option. This surgery is very technical and requires good technique, proper patient selection, and thorough preoperative planning. If your surgeon is able and willing to do this type of surgery, it is a great way to keep your own ankle joint and reduce pain yet increase function. 

Eventually, as one ages a fusion may be necessary; however, a well-done realignment osteotomy is often converted to a total ankle replacement. A replacement can treat end-stage arthritis with a motion preserving implant.

The basic principle of a realignment osteotomy:

changing contact pressures of the ankle joint.

An ankle joint that is misaligned by even 2mm (2 millimeters) can have increased contact pressures of up to 42% overall. More contact pressure eventually leads to cartilage damage and possibly pain. Unless the ankle is as close to anatomically aligned as possible, the arthritis will progress and the pain will remain. By changing the overall shape of the ankle, pressure is redistributed and the cartilage is preserved. Patients that undergo this surgery have pain relief and improved function. This is so even when up to 50% of the joint surface is arthritic prior to surgery.

How do you know if your ankle would benefit from a realignment osteotomy?

The first thing you must do is find a surgeon that performs these surgeries, understands them and is willing to do them. Many surgeons still believe that fusions are the only answer to arthritis. If your surgeon tells you that fusion is the only option and that nothing else will ever work, simply locate a surgeon that is performing these advanced joint-preserving procedures. If you have arthritis in the ankle with a deformity, you could benefit from this procedure. The usual deformities are a ‘valgus’ or ‘varus’ ankle; these are ankles that tilt too much to either side. 

The individuals that typically do not do well with this procedure have absolutely no cartilage left, infection, neuropathic bone changes (different from sensory neuropathy) or have a totally un-fixable instability of the ligaments. Otherwise, you could be a candidate for this joint-sparing procedure.

Questions Your Physician Should Ask

stay informed throughout your treatment plan

  • Do you have arthritis of the ankle?
  • Is your ankle arthritis due to a previous fracture?
  • Is your ankle arthritis due to infection or neuropathy?
  • Is your ankle arthritis from a severe ankle sprain or a series of minor ankle sprains?
  • How old are you?
  • What is your height and weight?
  • Do you have an osteochondral defect of the talar dome? (an OCD?)
  • Have you been told that you have a cartilage fracture or dead bone?
  • Have you been told that your only option is a fusion surgery?
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For natural pain relief designed by an orthopedic surgeon, browse through our full line of gentle, yet effective pain-relieving products. We included CBD in our formulations to naturally engage the body’s inflammatory response, reducing discomfort, swelling, and pain in a steady, holistic way. You can also click here to read about the best natural herbs for arthritis relief – and start your journey to natural relief from arthritic pain.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE
  • FDA-REGISTERED
  • PARABEN-FREE
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  • 100% NATURAL

Natural Arthritis Relief

Natural Arthritis Relief

Avocado & Soybean Oil

to relieve arthritis pain

The pain of arthritis is very common. In fact, this is one of the most common reasons for people to see a doctor and certainly one of the main reasons to go onto disability. There is no cure for arthritis at this time, but there are a number of medications to treat symptoms. Most medications have side effects, however, and often cannot be used for arthritis pain.

There are a variety of natural supplements that can be taken for arthritis pain. Most supplements have decent science behind their use. One should remember that supplements or medication work best to treat arthritis pain when paired with a program for weight loss and with low-impact aerobic exercise.

Piascledine

There is an intriguing supplement on the market in Europe called Piascledine that is derived from avocado and soy. The supplement concentrates the active ingredient considered crucial for the control of arthritic pain. This supplement has been tested in placebo-controlled trials in France by the company that makes it.

The Cochrane Collaboration, an independent science group, has evaluated these studies.

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Basically, Piascledine has “moderate to high” evidence that it works in the short-term to relieve pain. This is good news as this is a natural product with little to no side effect profile. A more long-term study (three years) found little difference in pain control between the supplement and placebo. A review study in 2008 found that the use of the avocado-soybean oil supplement reduced and even stopped the need to use NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory pills).

The French company that makes Piascledine, Laboratoires Expanscience, sells this product in 46 countries but not yet in the USA. The French experience has demonstrated the safety of the supplement over a 15 year span of use in that country.

Anti-Inflammatory

The avocado combination provides anti-inflammatory activity and has also been shown in laboratory testing to build up cartilage. This unsaponifiable and anti-inflammatory product has shown a decrease in destruction of the joints over time. This has been examined at the University of Arizona.

According to the Arthritis Foundation, the supplement blocks pro-inflammatory substances, can help to rebuild cartilage cells and also prevents the deterioration of the synovial (joint) lining. Typically, the supplement works better than simply eating the vegetables as the ingredient is concentrated for you that way. The dosage ranges from 300 to 600mg per day.

The product is derived from the unsaponifiable part of the vegetable oil. This is a tiny fraction of the overall mass of the soybean and the avocado. The amount of avocados and soybeans that would need to be consumed to equal the unsaponifiable dose in the supplement is too large to recommend a dietary source for this substance.

This product is another natural remedy with a good side effect profile that has been found to be an effective way to treat the pain of arthritis.

For even more natural tips for relieving arthritis pain at home, read this blog on 5 Natural Tips To Help Reduce Arthritis Pain!

If you want natural relief without heavy medicinal fog, reach for our full line of safe, holistic pain-fighting products. You should check with your doctor to make sure any of these natural remedies will not interfere with any current supplements of medications prior to trying them for yourself.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE
  • FDA-REGISTERED
  • PARABEN-FREE
  • 3RD PARTY TESTED
  • 100% NATURAL

Ankle Replacement For Arthritis

Ankle Replacement For Arthritis

Treating Ankle Arthritis

with ankle replacement

For years ankle fusion has been the only treatment option available for people suffering from severe ankle arthritis. Fusion has always been an effective treatment technique, but it’s an option that completely alters the patient’s gait, changing the way they walk for the rest of their lives. It totally eliminates ankle motion and causes severe arthritis in the rest of the foot too.

New advancements in medical technology have offered a solution, that can produce long-term mobility, flexibility, and stability. Total Ankle Replacement surgery allows the patient to retain motion in the ankle joint, creating a new joint that functions like the old one, but without pain. Below we’ll explain why Dr. Meredith Warner prefers Total Ankle Replacement surgery for her patients, and detail each step of the procedure.

Ankle arthritis is a condition caused by damage to the joint that connects the foot to the leg, also known as the tibiotalar or ankle joint. There are three bones connected in this joint: the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. Ankle arthritis can involve any or all of these bones. Symptoms vary but most commonly include pain during movement, swelling, tenderness, and difficulty walking.

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About 50 percent of people over the age of 60 are affected by ankle arthritis every year and seek out a treatment that may help relieve pain. Most ankle arthritis is post-traumatic and can usually be traced to an injury.

Fusion

Ankle fusion is one of the most common ankle arthritis solutions offered by medical professionals in the United States, yet often comes with a variety of complications. During the procedure, the doctor will extract damaged cartilage and use pins, plates, and screws to set the joint in a stable position. The joint is removed, allowing the bones to fuse and grow together over time.

The procedure is often successful and reduces pain, however adjacent joint disease may develop in the months and years following surgery. Also, by removing the joint, range of motion is reduced in the ankle, ultimately affecting gait. The change can negatively impact the knee and hip, causing injury or damage.

An Innovative Alternative:

ankle replacement

Total Ankle Replacement surgery may not be as conventional as total hip or knee replacements at this time, but is a solution that can be as viable and successful for individuals living with arthritis. Dr. Meredith Warner prefers this treatment method over fusion because it allows patients to maintain a more normal gait post-surgery.

During the procedure, damaged cartilage is removed, and a new metal and plastic joint is implanted in order to restore function. The method relieves ankle arthritis pain and offers patients more mobility and flexibility than fusion. Following surgery, the patient can safely move the ankle joint, meaning less stress is transferred to adjacent joints.

Most patients can begin weight bearing on their ankle within one month and begin physical therapy just a week following surgery. Studies have shown that ankle replacement leads to more normal gait than a fusion.

On average, replacement joints start to wear out after about ten to 15 years. Once the total joint is worn down a doctor may recommend a second ankle replacement or at that time a fusion may be appropriate.

For many patients with ankle arthritis, an ankle replacement may be the best treatment path to explore to ensure long-term success, comfort and to protect the rest of the foot and leg from arthritis problems.

For even more treatment options for ankle arthritis, read our blog on Ankle Arthritis Treatment Options

At Well Theory, we always advise working with your primary physician to find the least invasive option available to you for the successful treatment of your condition. Dr. Warner, the founder of Well Theory, uses this methodology with her own patients, and this led her to develop a line of natural, safe, pain-relieving products that harness herbal medicine and modern medical therapies. Click here to view our full line of wellness products!

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE
  • FDA-REGISTERED
  • PARABEN-FREE
  • 3RD PARTY TESTED
  • 100% NATURAL

Relief Without Replacement

A Solution To Arthritic Knee Pain Without Replacement

A Minimally Invasive,

office-based treatment for chronic knee pain from arthritis

Osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most disabling conditions in the world. It is present in about 20-30% of the elderly population (over 65-years-old). With the aging of the population and the increasing number of people working longer, this is expected to increase. Also, most individuals are more active now than ever. The pain of arthritis is long-term and can render one unable to do even basic daily activities.

To learn more about how arthritis can impact the knee and your day-to-day activities, read our blog on Knee Pain & Arthritis.

There are many non-operative treatments available for chronic knee pain from arthritis. These treatments range from braces to hyaluronic acid injections. However, many physicians recommend a replacement of the natural knee with a metal and plastic one when other treatments don’t work.

Many people do not want to undergo the trauma and expense of a total knee replacement. Some people are not healthy enough to undergo such a surgery. Some individuals wish to delay such a surgery for any number of reasons.

Also, 20-30% of patients still have pain and disability even after having a total knee replacement.

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Treatment Options

There is a way to treat the pain without replacing the knee joint. By blocking the sensory nerves that provide the pain signal from the knee to the brain, the pain can be treated.

First, the nerves must undergo a temporary block to see if the pain relief is adequate. Then, a minor procedure is completed that prevents the nerves from working to create a pain signal. The pain is effectively gone. This has been shown to provide a significant amount of pain relief in a number of scientific studies. While there is no cure for arthritis, there is a potential treatment for the pain of arthritis of the knee.

The nerve block is done in the clinic. An area around the kneecap undergoes a series of injections with a medication that numbs the nerves. If this proves to provide enough relief, the next stage of treatment occurs.

Procedure

The patient with the painful arthritic knee is mildly sedated, and numbing medication is injected into the area to provide relief during the procedure. Specialized cannulas and probes are placed around the kneecap in key positions. Each probe is inserted under the skin into an area known to have a sensory nerve.

Once positioned, the probes area activated and render the nerves ineffective. The probes utilize radio frequency to produce a minimally invasive heat source that essentially burns the nerve. The surrounding tissue has minimal to no damage due to the design of the probe and the procedural technique.

If successful, this procedure can provide an individual with long-term pain relief without the need for medication.

For daily, natural relief without medicinal fog, reach for our Pain Relieving CBD Cream! The holistic blend in our CBD cream is designed to relieve pain on contact, and interact with the endocannabinoid receptors in your body to further regulate inflammation.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE
  • FDA-REGISTERED
  • PARABEN-FREE
  • 3RD PARTY TESTED
  • 100% NATURAL

Knee Replacement & Ankle Arthritis

Knee Replacement & Ankle Arthritis

3 Ways a Total-Knee Replacement

may affect an arthritic ankle

If you’re living with an arthritic ankle, a total knee replacement can have a tremendous effect on your life. Below we’ve shared three ways a total knee replacement can affect the health of an arthritic ankle.

1. It may change the position of the ankle.

When a total knee surgeon places a total knee implant, they must consider the position in three planes. It must be position in the lateral (side-facing), coronal (front-facing) and finally the axial (cross-section) planes. Often, a position of external rotation in the axial plane is selected to place the patella correctly in its femoral groove.

Anatomy

Sometimes the rotation of the femoral and tibial total knee components changes the rotation of the tibia (shin-bone), ultimately affecting the ankle.

If you have ankle pain or feel that you wear out shoes differently since your total knee replacement, it may be worth seeing a foot and ankle surgeon.

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2. Tendinitis may develop due to changes in range-of-motion.

People with pre-existing ankle arthritis usually have limited range of motion; the same is true of the knee of course. Over time, with an arthritic knee and ankle, the walking pattern accommodates to the limits of both joints.

Once the knee is replaced (assuming all goes well), the knee will have a much better range of motion. This knee range of motion then puts additional stress on the already limited and arthritic ankle. It is not unusual to develop Achilles tendinitis, plantar fasciitis, peroneal tendinitis or posterior tibial tendinitis in the ankle region due to the changes in walking.

3. Flexibility in the hindfoot may be reduced.

Again, total knees will change the alignment of the knee from being either valgus (knock-kneed) or varus (bow-legged),  and change the angle of the ankle in the forward-facing plane.

Because the ankle has changed its angle, the calcaneus (heel bone) must change its relative position.  If an ankle has been in valgus, typically the calcaneus compensates by moving varus.  Conversely, if an ankle has been in varus, the heel will correct by moving into valgus.  The goal of the body is to maintain an overall neutral position of the leg and body relative to the ground.

When the total knee is placed and suddenly the knee is straight (neutral) again, this places the ankle in a different plane. The change is happening along with the tibial rotation change discussed in the first point. The heel bone will need to compensate less but often becomes stiffer due to the new biomechanics of the ankle joint. A stiff hindfoot will increase midfoot and forefoot pain, contribute to plantar fasciitis and make navigating uneven ground difficult.

All this to say, if you find that you are having more foot and ankle pain after total knee surgery, you should be evaluated. Sometimes a simple custom insert is necessary. Other times, professional physical therapy can help. Injections, massage, and other techniques can reduce the discomfort also. Rarely surgery is required, but it happens.

Learn more about ankle arthritis and your options for treating it – both naturally and at home, and in a doctor’s clinic, by reading our blog on Ankle Arthritis Treatment Options.

Our Bone & Joint Health Multivitamin was designed by an orthopedic surgeon to naturally reduce pain + inflammation in the joints. Get all the essential vitamins and minerals your body needs with added mood-boosting and anti-inflammatory benefits from pure Full Spectrum CBD.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE
  • FDA-REGISTERED
  • PARABEN-FREE
  • 3RD PARTY TESTED
  • 100% NATURAL
CBD for Arthritis

Exercises For Arthritis Pain

Exercises For Arthritis Pain

CBD for Arthritis

Reduce Orthopedic Arthritis Pain

with a few simple exercises

You can do orthopedic exercises for yourself at home – and reduce your arthritis pain safely and effectively. The following exercises for arthritis help patients to become stronger and more flexible, while increasing endurance and balance.

1. Resistance training builds orthopedic strength.

Stronger muscles can act as ‘shock absorbers’ for your joints (just like the shocks in a truck). By lifting something heavier than the joint itself, you can improve strength. This can often be done using just your own body weight.

Sample Exercise: Squats

To build the strength of your quadriceps (thigh muscles), you can do simple squats out of a chair:

  • Sit in a chair
  • Lean forward
  • Stand up

For a variation that strengthens the same muscles, you can lean against a wall with knees slightly bent. Hold this position for 10 seconds, stand up, rest a bit and repeat!

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2. Stretch to improve flexibility.

Everyone knows stretching is good for our bodies, but many think of Cirque du Soleil when discussing flexibility. Even a small increase in stretching can prevent orthopedic problems like arthritis from progressing and can help the pain. It can be done whenever you think about it. A good stretch begins by moving the joint to a position where you feel that it has been stretched, hold for 10 seconds and then push very slightly more. Heating before stretching and then icing afterwards helps as well.

 

Sample Exercise: Hip and Knee Stretch

You may only be able to reach your knees when you begin; even moving to the mid-calf will be great for arthritis in the hips and knees.

  1. Sit on the floor and reach for your toes until you feel a comfortable stretch.
  2. Hold for 10 seconds
  3. Push slightly more into the stretch
  4. Release

3. Aerobic exercises increase endurance.

Motion is key to orthopedic health. Joints that do not move will deteriorate and become even more arthritic joints. Low impact aerobic exercise such as walking, swimming, and bicycling will strengthen your heart and lungs, allowing you added energy throughout the day. Endurance depends on how much oxygen gets to the muscles and joints, and how the muscles and joints use that oxygen.

 

Sample Exercise: Walk

The impact of running will negatively affect your arthritic joints, but walking will not and actually helps the joints. Walking for 20-30 minutes at least three times a week is recommended.

4. Improve balance for even weight distribution.

Balance involves the ability to maintain one position for a long time without falling. It is a variation of endurance, and improves with better strength and flexibility. Balance is very important for joints as it allows for an even distribution of weight. When weight is evenly distributed then cartilage is not as easily damaged (causing orthopedic ailments such as arthritis). Yoga and Tai chi are both good ways to improve balance, and reduce the rates of hip and wrist fractures.

 

Sample Exercise: Tree Pose (Yoga)

  1. Stand on one leg
  2. Place the sole of the other foot on the standing calf, making sure to not let it rest on a joint like the knee or ankle
  3. Focus on a spot on the wall and hold still
  4. Leave the toe of the other foot on the ground and place the heel against the ankle

By doing these few simple exercises in a short amount of time at home, you can gain relief from the pain and discomfort of arthritis.

Incorporate this routine and other simple exercises (as recommended by your physical therapist or orthopedic doctor) into a regular, daily routine to experience greater strength, endurance, and flexibility for improved health and movement!

You can also read our blog, 5 Tips To Naturally Reduce Arthritis Pain, for other gentle exercises you can incorporate to relieve your arthritic pain.

Use our Bone + Joint Health Multi to improve joint function and holistically reduce inflammation naturally over time! This multi contains surgeon-curated ingredients handpicked to improve your musculoskeletal health, fill gaps in your diet, and reduce pain + inflammation throughout your body.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr. Meredith Warner is the creator of Well Theory and The Healing Sole. She is a board-certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Air Force Veteran.

She is on a mission to disrupt traditional medicine practices and promote betterment physically, spiritually and mentally to many more people. She advocates for wellness and functional health over big pharma so more people can age vibrantly with more function and less pain.

At Well Theory, Our surgeon-designed products are FDA Registered and formulated to help people:

  • Manage the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain
  • Recover vibrantly from orthopedic related surgeries
  • Fill the gaps in our daily diets
  • Manage pain associated with inflammation

Surgeon Formulated
For Your Peace of Mind

Natural Ingredients + Cutting-Edge Medical Breakthroughs.

100% NATURAL PAIN RELIEF FOR PEOPLE WORLDWIDE
  • FDA-REGISTERED
  • PARABEN-FREE
  • 3RD PARTY TESTED
  • 100% NATURAL

The Stages of Ankle Arthritis

The Stages of Ankle Arthritis

Ankle Arthritis Can Be Painful,

but the key is to understand its stage so you can treat it.

The ankle is a critical joint in our bodies. Not to say that other joints are less critical, but the ankle is a meeting point for cartilage, connective tissues, and tendons. The ankle is the lowest main meeting point of the muscles, tendons, and ligaments used for walking, running and jumping. It is essential for force and speed. The downside to its importance is that all the force of these muscles and tendons around the ankle area makes the cartilage prone to damage, also known as arthritis. Cartilage coats the surface of a joint to allow motion when damaged, this is why movement becomes painful and less smooth.

Arthritis is a degenerative disease, so the longer you wait, the worse it gets. Medical professionals can determine your stage of arthritis and treat it, but there are some steps you can take to help alleviate and articulate the problem before it becomes too much to handle.

The Early Stage of Ankle Arthritis

In healthy ankles, cartilage covers the joints to protect them from friction. In ankles that are developing arthritis, this cartilage begins to wear down, therefore enabling the formation of pitting and irregularities of the surface. This is considered the early stages of ankle arthritis and is characterized by an uncomfortable or stiffening sensation in the ankle after a long day of walking or several hours of sitting.

The early stage can be a problematic one, as this pain is hard to distinguish from regular discomfort.

To remedy this stage of ankle arthritis, take some anti-inflammatory NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen – if you aren’t allergic. Pair with this supportive footwear, low-impact activity, and a healthy, active lifestyle. Low impact aerobic activity has been shown to be best for cartilage health. Note that no activity is not good for cartilage.